Hudsons Bay

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Hudsons Bay is a fascinating water body. Its role in the development of Canada was more significant in previous centuries than it is today. The British long used the Bay to penetrate into the interior of Canada. It seems unbelievable today, that ships would brave the northern route into the heart of Canada, rather than come through the St. Lawrence and proceed northward. When you consider the vast land distances, and the lack of transport available at the time however, their choice made sense.

The bay has a surface area in excess of half a million square kilometres, with a maximum width approaching 1000km, and its longitudinal breadth 1500km. Its drainage basin is so large that the combined flow draining into the bay exceeds the drainage basins of the Pacific and Atlantic coasts combined. The maximum summer water temperature of the bay is 10oC. Gale force winds and tides make the waters very treacherous. From the first European penetration by Henry Hudson in 1610, the bay has served as sthe graveyard of many mariners. Numerous sunken vessels and the ruins of the only stone military fortification in the Arctic are but a part of her European history.

While research and archaeological dives have been conducted in the Bay, it is simply too remote and hostile of a water body to be seriously considered as a spot for sport diving.


© M. Colautti 1996-1999, 2000


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